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ͧ LEV

LEV Low emiision vehicle ҵáѭͧǴ ˹§ҹԿ California Air Resources Board (ARB) 繵ǵ駵ǵ 㹡͡ҵáäǺҳ ҡö¹

ARB 駡ࡳԵ ͧӡûѺا мԵö¹йŧ ͡Ҵ ٻẺö¹˹ LEV, ULEV (ultra low) 仨֧ ZEV (zero emission) ¡䡷ҧõҴ 蹤͡˹ ö¹㴡ТԿ ͧѴǹͧ LEV ʹè˹µѰ˹

ҵ 1997 ʹ 25 % ͧ LEV 1998 ʹ 48% ͧ LEV 㹻˹ ͻ 2000 ¡ͺ (96%) ͧ LEV!!!

ѧ ͧԴͧͧ Եö¹ء·ѧҴö¹ ˭شš觹 ͧ˹ҵ駵ҡѹѲ LEV ͡ 鹡ǴҴ ͹䢹ͧ Եö¹ ͧѴ͡ҡԡ

öк LEV ѡӤѭ ͧŴ ä͹ҡ ¡ 0.075 зҧ 1 (öҧ ä͹͡Ҷ֧ 15 ) еͧҾҴ¡ 100,000

ѧ ö¹ LEV ѧҧʵҴ㹺ҹҹ ֧繼žǧҡ¢ͧԡ ͷҡȺҹ ʴʢҺҧ ѧաúѧѺ筡ѹ ҧԡҡ Ҩе...ѹ س LEV ͹ѹ???



Ǵ繾 ռŵäҧ

ҹѡ§ͧäҧ  觹ҷҡ÷Ӥҭ 蹨١ չ١ŵʹ 仨֧ҡ÷عç ҡͺ״  жҧعç ҨзªԵ

㹻Ѩغѹ ռ·ҡâͧäҡ ੾ࢵͧ о鹷çҹصˡ ˵˹觷ѺѹǹӤѭ㹡÷ӹǹҡ зҧҡ ͧͧ Сҫɵҧ ҵͧٴ

Ѩá դѹ͡Դä ࢵ鹷ѧҧҡ ͧҴ硡 10 ͹ (0.01 ) 觷ҧԪҡ¡ PM10  ͧҹշ 駨ҡáҧ Сóͧͧ¹  㹡õǨѴ㹾鹷ا෾ҹúҧش  һҳ PM10 ԹҤҵðҹͧͧ͹š»  ÷ PM10 բҴҡ öҹʹСШǷ駻ʹ  ŷҡ з餹ԡä  㹤ä ҡ ҡͺ״ عçҡ

Ѩµ ҫҧ Դ鹨ҡͧԧö¹ Դҡкǹ çҹصˡ    ҫ͹͹͡䫴  ҫ⫹  ҫ͡䫴  ҫਹ͡䫴  㹻Ѩغѹ  ֡Ѵҳҫҧѧ ࢵا෾ҹ одѺͧҫѧ٧Թҵðҹ˹  дѺͧҫҹѧ٧   ҫҹ价ҡâͧä عçҡ

㹻Ѩغѹ դǺҳͧ Сҫҧ繾ɹ ӡдѺ ੾㹾鹷ا෾ҹࢵصˡ  駡äǺҳͧԴҡáҧ  ǺҫɷԵҡçҹصˡ  ФǺҳ¨ҡö¹  ͷзسҾҡȴբ鹡ҷ  觶ҡóçҧҹʺ  ҨŴӹǹФعçͧäŧ蹡ѹ.



ŴжѹҡȺط(..2540)

˵ѡͧзҧҡ ੾ͧ˭·š ˹¨ҡö¹            ֧ѺͧǧͧҧȵͧС "Դͧ"ö¹ ͧҡҳҫɢдѺ٧ҡ ѹµͻЪҪ

㹺ôҨ·١Ҵԧ֧ ä͹ູԹ,  ͡䫴ͧਹ (NOx), ͹͹͡䫴  нͧҡ

㹹ѹԧ駹ѹ"ູԹ"Ҫͺ¡ҹѹ  йѹǹա˹жѹ  ǹСͺ㹻ҳ  ժ§觴ѧ㹡÷ѹµͼ餹 Ҿǡͧա 2 - 3 Ƿ鹪  ѭҷ١秤"жѹ"ӵ繾ɵкӨѴ¢ͧö¹

ͻҳҧշҹ  աʹ㹷ЪЪҤû  ŴҵðҹͧþɷӤѭҡȤ NOx     PM10 (ͧբҴ硡 10 ͹)  ŧҡѨغѹ  ͧҡ駤ǹӤѭ 㹡÷ԴԴçкҧԹ  ҳ㹻˹  ੾ѧ ռªԵҡٴ PM10 ҡ 10,000

·ҷͧ繴µ  оսͧͧҡ繨ӹǹҡ  蹷բҴ͹ҧ˭ ٴѡж١ѡѺ¢١  ͺʹբ͡´ѡѺš  ս蹷袹Ҵ硡 10 - 20 ͹ҹ ʹŧ件֧ʹҴ֡ŧ㹻ʹ  зѹµҧ

NOx ö١ӨѴ¤ҵŵԤ  ͹  㹢з PM10 öǡͧѡѺ  ػóͧջԷҾŴŧ ԧջҳжѹ٧  Щйһ繨֧价 Ŵҳжѹ㹹ѹԧŧ

Ѩغѹ㹺ҧ㹡᡹  дѺжѹԧҡ  дѺҳ 10 - 50 ǹҹǹ (ppm) ҹ  㹢з鹷ûдѺжѹ㹹ѹŷдѺ 200 ppm
Ǥͧâͧ͡˹ ?

͹¹ҹ  ЪѰû ʹŴҳжѹ㹹ѹູԹŧ 30 ppm 㹻 ..2000  ѺѹŴ 100 ppm 㹻 2000  㹻 2005 ͧŧ价дѺ 50 ppm
ѡͧҡȺطͧ˭价  ѹūػ繵鹵Ӥѭͧ   NOx  PM10     աûҳѹ㹡ا͹͹  ͧ¹ŨҡöШӷҧ  ö÷ء  ᷡ繼ҧ PM10 ֧ 90 ૹͧ PM10 ͧҡȷ  ͧͧᤵ Դö §մö㹡áӨѴ͹͹͡䫴ä͹   öѴáѺ NOx    ѺᤵöӨѴ NOx  (de NOX-KAT) ö¹͡աäԴ鹢ҹ  բ͵ͧѺѹдѺжѹҡ ǡѹ ػóѡѺ PM10 ѲҢ  ѡ÷ӧҹ¡Ҽҭ͹Ҥҹ ¡ҵԹ繵觻ԡ  ըش͹ҵԹöҾ ͡Ѻжѹ дѺжѹԵػóöդ§ 10 ppm ҹ

͹  ѡ͹ѡǴкѷԵö¹ պ͡ʹѺʹعʹʹѧ  Сèҧ "CLEAN VEHICLE" ͡ѧԧҴ ˹ѡѺԵö¹  ʹ͹ҡࡳѧ ͺѷѹ¡͡çͺ  еͧԹ㹡ûѺاкǹáա

᷹ҡѷѹҡѷѹû  觨Ŵҡжѹҡ 2000 ppm ŧ 500 ppm ͹Ҥշ  ҨеͧŴŧաʹ  Ҩеͧ¤㹡ûѺاкá蹹ѹ ٧֧ʹҹҷ   ¹ѷԵö¹ èлѺاԷҾͧ¹ ԵŴŧ  ¤¹¡ҡûѺاѹ֧ 6 - 7 ҷ

͹ҨռҢҧѷö¹ҡҺѷѹ  ѡ͹ѡǴ͡  ûѺاسҾѹռŵǴѹ  ¶֧ööмԵŴŧ  ѧռӹdz͡ѺŴҳжѹ 30 ppm   ö¹ 12,600 õͻ  Ҩ¤ҹѹѹ繼žǧҡûѺا駹§ 230 ҷ

ѧա˹觻㹡þԨóŧԼҹͺѧѺռʹҹ   շ駻ȷʹѺʹع лȷѴҹ㹡ЪҤûͧѺèªҡ   鹷ҧҡȷҴطѧáاѧ  зʹա